Climate Tribunal
2021. Prints on canvas, paper, and fabric with watercolor and acrylics.
Press material
- Press kit of the artworks

- Climate Tribunal artist's book
- Text research accusations
- Text research history

Related shows

- Climate Mismatch, Venice, 2023
- Natural Sovereignty, Capri, 2021

- Publication Climate Tribunal, printed copy in Print on Demand or downloadable in PDF.

Related works from the
Climate Tribunal series:
- Climate Class Action
- Flooding NYC Claims
- Footprint Justice
- Extinction Claims

- Climate History
- Climate Legal Evidence
- Climate Financial Evidence
- Climate Anomalies Evidence
- Climate Newsroom Evidence
- Climate Comparing Evidence

- Climate Species Plaintiffs
- Climate Ecosystems Plaintiffs
- Climate Human Plaintiffs

- Alps Glaciers Memorial

- Climate Culpable
- Climate Sentence

- Climate Geopolitics
- Climate Testimony
- Climate Gas

Related texts
- Climate Tribunal artist's book, 2024
- Climate Aesthetics artist's text, 2023
- Climate Mismatch, artist's text, 2023
- Climate Class Action, artist's text, 2023
- Flooding NYC Claims, artist's text, 2023
- Climate Tribunal artist's text, 2021
- Natural Sovereignty, artist's text, 2021
- Extinction Claims artist's text, 2021
- Regulatory Art artist's manifesto text, 2019
- Climate Change Fighters, artist's text, 2010

Natural Sovereignty at the Certosa Museum in Capri

The Climate Tribunal is a body of works by Paolo Cirio addressing climate justice from a legal and economic standpoint. Cirio accuses the major oil, gas, and coal companies in court using data, photos, graphs, and documents on climate change that directly correspond to their greenhouse gas emissions. Highlighted prints of data, photos, texts, and graphics are presented as evidence, plaintiffs, and defendants, climate crisis experts act as witnesses and audiences participate as a jury or identify as an injured party. Cirio presents the international tribunal of climate crimes with a vast body of material drawn from his research on the climate crises. Using prints on canvas, fabric, and paper, Cirio's informational visuals include scientific and economic data, legal documents, geopolitical analysis, biological studies, and satellite images. The book Climate Tribunal by Cirio features his reflection, research, activism, and art on climate change and critique of its representation.

Selected shows and presentations
Knowledge Wars, exhibition at Framer Framed, 2024, Amsterdam - Netherlands
FloodNet Residency, commission at New York University's Tandon School, 2023, New York - U.S.
Climate Aesthetics, residency at Strasbourg University's Lethica Institute, 2023, Strasbourg - France
Who Owns the Economy, exhibition at the Future of Work festival, 2023, Den Bosch - Netherlands
Everybody Talks About the Weather, exhibition at Fondazione Prada Venice, 2023, Venice - Italy
Climate Mismatch, solo show at Sale Docks Magazzini del Sale, 2023, Venice - Italy
EcoArts Nexus Philanthropy, lecture at European Cultural Center, 2023, Venice - Italy
City Climate, award & workshop at HafenCity University's CityScienceLab, 2022, Hamburg - Germany
Everything Will Be Fine, exhibition at Tactical Tech by the Technikmuseum, 2022, Berlin - Germany
Voces que se hunden, exhibition at CCS Tegucigalpa, 2022, Cedeño - Honduras
Climate Tribunal Art Testimony, lecture at La Générale, 2022, Paris - France
Mario Merz Prize IV, exhibition at Fondazione Merz, 2022, Turin - Italy
Lab Montagna, exhibition at Museo della Montagna, 2022, Turin - Italy
Artissima, exhibition at Giorgio Persano gallery booth, 2022, Turin - Italy
My Purgatory, exhibition at GAD Giudecca Art District, 2022, Venice - Italy
Climate Camp, workshop at Venice Climate Camp for Sale Docks, 2022, Venice - Italy
Toward a Sustainable Attitude, lecture for Ca’ Foscari University, 2022, Venice - Italy
Natural Sovereignty, solo show at Saint James' Charterhouse, 2021, Capri - Italy
Dutch Design Week, exhibition at Baltan Laboratories, 2021, Eindhoven - Netherlands

Descriptions of the works in the series Climate Tribunal by Paolo Cirio:

- Climate Class Action
Online platform, data and prints.
Cirio created the website to promote a class action suit against fossil fuel companies. The platform estimates financial compensations for the personal damage from climate disasters and aims to build a community of people affected by the climate crisis.
Climate Human Plaintiffs
Online platform, data and prints.
Visitors are invited to fill out an online form created by Cirio, where they can indicate how they have been personally harmed by climate change, and what financial compensation they expect from major fossil fuel firms. In the installation, these claims are printed and displayed on a bulletin board.

Extinction Claims
Online platform, data and prints.
Cirio aggregated data of over 40,000 species at risk of extinction and published them on the website,, where visitors can claim financial compensation from major fossil fuel firms on behalf of endangered species.
Climate Species Plaintiffs
Panels of prints on watercolor paper in B/W A5.
The installation consists of panels with hundreds of photographs of animal, insects, and plant species that are at risk of extinction.

Climate Ecosystems Plaintiffs
3 prints on cotton fabric, 150x200 cm each.
This work consists of three semi-transparent fabric prints that include photographs of ecosystems, glaciers, rivers, lakes and forests of the world. These ecosystems, being victims of climate change, are critical environments in which all living species are immersed, and should therefore be of primary concern and preserved with economic compensation.

Climate Ecosystems Plaintiffs
3 prints on cotton fabric, 150x200 cm each.
This work consists of three semi-transparent fabric prints that include photographs of ecosystems, glaciers, rivers, lakes and forests of the world. These ecosystems, being victims of climate change, are critical environments in which all living species are immersed, and should therefore be of primary concern and preserved with economic compensation.

Climate Culpable
24 flags, fabric prints, 140x100 cm each.
This work consists of 24 fabric flags featuring the logos of the 24 major fossil fuel firms responsible for over 50% of total global emissions. Cirio blacked the flags with motor oil, creating an installation that invites audiences to reflect on the grim principles these companies have adopted. These fossil fuel firms are mostly unknown to the general public, as they operate in secrecy without any legal responsibility and often in countries with authoritarian governments.

Climate Sentence
1 canvas printed and painted in acrylic.
This work consists of a printed canvas showing a list of major fossil companies and their emissions. This document from the 2017 historical study, “Carbon Major Database”, is the first that established precise responsibilities each international fossil fuel firm has. National companies are highlighted in orange, while private companies are marked in yellow. Cirio then designed an algorithm to process this data and calculate the financial compensations with respect to the economic damage caused by each company.

Climate Legal Evidence
4 canvases printed in B / W and painted in acrylic.
This work consists of canvas prints of graphs taken from internally commissioned studies by Shell and Exxon in the early 1980s that had assessed the effects of their greenhouse gas emissions. These studies had already precisely established that the emissions would have produced a rise in temperatures, acidification of the oceans, and many other negative effects on the climate. These documents remained undisclosed for decades and are now used as evidence in lawsuits against Shell and Exxon. Cirio highlights the graphs taken from these historical documents by painting them in bright colors.

Climate Newsroom Evidence
3 prints on paper, 130x220 cm each.
This work is composed of newspaper headlines related to the climate crisis that are printed on paper to form a dense column of news. The selected articles represent the research materials which Cirio focused his investigation on, both as an artistic process and as a historical record that portrays the evolution of the climate crisis and its legal, economic and human implications.

Climate Financial Evidence
4 canvases printed and painted in acrylic.
This work is composed of data and graphs selected by Cirio that denounce the major financial institutions and company executives responsible for the climate crisis as indicated by their profits, investments and wages. Cirio’s brush strokes upon the canvas prints highlight key data points on the graphs which make evident the capital availability to provide compensation for the unethical climate crimes they’ve committed.

Climate Anomalies Evidence
17 prints on A2-A3 glossy paper, oil pastels.
This work is composed of maps and satellite photographs provided by NASA, which report the most significant anomalies of temperatures, droughts, fires, and floods in the world. Cirio uses oil pastels to highlight the data shown on these maps, providing comprehensive evidence of the severity of the global climate crisis.

Climate Comparing Evidence
2 painted canvases, 195x200 cm each.
This work consists of a pair of canvases in which two graphs are recreated with hand-drawn brushstrokes. The resulting abstract diagrams compare sea level rise with emissions data from fossil fuel companies on the same time scale. The visual similarities between the two graphs creates a tangible image of the direct connection between the increase in emissions and their natural consequences.

Climate Gas
7 written and colored fabrics. 125x390 cm each
This work consists of tens of meters of painted fabric depicting the chemical symbols of the major greenhouse gases and their symbolic commercial value equivalent to one dollar. The tons of greenhouse gasses produced today are treated as financial vehicles with the “carbon credits” system that allows the industry to keep polluting. Greenhouse gases are assigned a single price that fluctuates according to the market, even if some of them, such as carbon dioxide or methane, have completely different polluting and permanence properties in the atmosphere. Cirio highlights the paradox of the discrepancy between these monetary values ​​and the social and environmental damage each specific greenhouse gas creates.

Climate Geopolitics
1 globe, 1 print on fabric 80x80 cm, 1 table.
This work consists of a globe upon which Cirio notates the complex geopolitics of climate change accountability, in which the major governments responsible for emissions enter into political and economic relations. The globe is displayed on fabric that is printed with data and graphs concerning the major participants in the production and consumption of coal, gas and oil.

Climate Testimony
4 speakers, solar panels, glass ampoules 40x40 cm each.
Cirio conducted audio interviews with experts in climate justice and economics, who represent the witnesses at the tribunal. This installation consists of four speakers positioned inside glass ampoules, powered by photovoltaic panels that turn on automatically with the sun's rays. Each interview runs 10 minutes long with looped audio. Among those interviewed are Ivan Novelli, the president of Greenpeace Italy, Marco Grasso, author of “From Big Oil to Big Green” published by MIT Press, and other experts in environmental law.

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